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November

Landscaping Tips for the Month of November

Planning:

  • Have soil tested at a local cooperative extension service to determine pH and nutritional levels

Chores and Maintenance:

  • Continue to thoroughly water trees, shrubs, lawn areas and planting beds until ground freezes
  • Complete removal of fallen leaves and debris to protect from overwintering of insects and disease organisms
  • Cut back perennials to 4-5in., but leave ornamental grasses to provide winter interest until spring
  • Mulch boxwood and broad-leaved evergreens before ground freezes
  • Mulch flower beds to keep soil temperature stable and prevent winter injury from frost heaving
  • Provide burlap windbreaks for boxwood and broad-leaved evergreens. Install stakes before ground freezes
  • Protect trees from mouse damage with wire mesh trunk guards
  • Protect shrubs from deer with burlap or netting
  • Mow lawn one final time to a height of 1-2in.
  • Aerate soil around rose roots and hill up the earth 10-12in. around the crown after a heavy frost
  • Continue to feed birds

Planting:

  • Continue to plant deciduous trees and shrubs until the ground freezes
  • Complete planting spring-flowering bulbs
  • Propagate deciduous shrubs such as hydrangea, viburnum and weigela; and evergreens such as ilex, juniperus, and taxus
  • Pot hardy spring bulbs for indoor forcing

Pruning/Fertilizing:

  • Fertilize trees and shrubs before the ground freezes so that food is available to plants in early spring
  • Incorporate lime and fertilizer in the annual and vegetable gardens for next growing season
  • Complete pruning of late-blooming trees and shrubs
  • Prune early spring-flowering shrubs only to remove diseased or damaged branches to preserve buds

Indoors:

  • Give houseplants as much light as possible as lower light days begin
  • Continue to let up on fertilizing indoor plants until spring
  • Provide houseplants with increased humidity; mist often or place plants over a tray of moist pebbles
  • Pot up prepared bulbs for indoor forcing
  • Begin to increase the time between waterings but do not cut back on the amount of water